Discussion on a healthy diet for patients with obesity

Discussion on a healthy diet for patients with obesity

Discussion on a healthy diet for patients with obesity

AN EDUCATIONAL TRAINING PROGRAM FOR NURSES REGARDING THE IMPORTANCE OF A HEALTHY DIET FOR PATIENTS WITH OBESITY

 

 

By

 

Student name

 

A Project

Submitted to the Faculty of D’Youville

Division of Academic Affairs

In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of

Master of Science in

Family Nurse PractitionerDiscussion on a healthy diet for patients with obesity

Buffalo, NY

[Month Day, Year]

Copyright © 2022 by student name. All rights reserved. No part of this project may be copied or reproduced in any form or by any means without the written permission of the student name.

 

Table of Contents

Chapter

I. PROJECT INTRODUCTION …………………………………………………………… 8

Statement of Purpose ……………………………………………………………………….. 9

Theoretical Framework ……………………………………………………………………. 9

Initial Review of the Literature ………………………………………………………….13

Significance and Justification ……………………………………………………………19

Project Objectives ……………………………………………………………………………19

Definition of Terms ………………………………………………………………………..

Project Limitations …………………………………………………………………………

Project Development Plan ……………………………………………………………….

Plan for Protection of Human Subjects ……………………………………………..

Plan for Project Evaluation………………………………………………………………

Summary ………………………………………………………………………………………

II. REVIEW OF LITERATURE …………………………………………………………..

Summary ………………………………………………………………………………………

III. PROJECT DEVELOPMENT PLAN. ……………………………………………….

Project Setting and Population……………………………………………………..

Content Expert Participants …………………………………………………………….. Data Collection Methods …………………………………………………………………

Project Tools …………………………………………………………………………………

The Protection of Human Subjects ………………………………………………………

Summary ………………………………………………………………………………………

IV. PROJECT EVALUATION, IMPLICATIONS, AND FUTURE RECOMMENDATIONS

……………………………………………..

Project Evaluation ………………………………………………………………………….

Implications for Future Practice ……………………………………………………….

Future Recommendations ………………………………………………………………..

Summary ………………………………………………………………………………………

References ……………………………………………………………………………………. 21

Appendices ……………………………………………………………………………………

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

List of Appendices

Appendix

A D’Youville Patricia H. Garman School of Nursing Full Approval Letter

…………………….…. 60

B Letter of Intent ……………………………………………………………………………………. 62

C Evaluation Tool………………………………………………………………………………….. 64

D Educational training program……………………………………………………………………………………………… 66

E Survey tool results in graph……………………………………………….

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter I

The age of fast food and instant gratification brought about by the growth of technology has affected the general population in many ways. In America, obesity is becoming problematic, with a prevalence estimate of 41% leading to risk in the severity of diseases (Kalligeros et al., 2020). As a result, there is a need for nursing practice to take accountability in developing a relationship with collaborative patient care. Obesity can be a lifestyle disease. Therefore, all stakeholder participation must be considered a need to look at the four-metaparadigm perspectives in caregiving using a foundational basis in a theoretical framework. First, a nurse needs expertise in addressing health issues, especially those reversible through natural means, for example, obesity. Obesity is reversible through natural means, including dietary modification and practicing fasting.

The factors that make a successful program include proper planning. Proper planning allows for allocating adequate time and resources toward the project, resulting in the successful implementation of the program (Shi, 2017). Another factor is incorporating experienced project managers with knowledge about the program. For example, specialists such as nutritionists and experts in physical activity and breastfeeding are essential when developing a program to improve nutrition in children and adults and minimize obesity. Finally, it is essential to practice monitoring and control for a program to succeed. Regular evaluation of the progress and the program results allows for modification and alignment in case of an error or a potential error—effective communication results in a program’s success.

The programs in the articles are good ways to effect cultural change. Education plays a significant role in making people adopt healthy habits. Education is well achievable after evaluating the clients through wellness programs and other community programs that involve health checkups and screening. However, personal barriers such as individual change resistance may negatively impact the success of the social change (Allan, 2020). Some people are susceptible to changes they perceive as threats to their social environment, including the workplace. Individuals may develop resistance to change when they feel uncertain about the intervention when the change comes as a surprise without the time to prepare mentally, and the questions about the competency of the intervention concerning the new environment—the resistance results in difficulty in implementing the intervention to achieve social change. This study will assess interpersonal relations in nursing theory to draw mechanisms for developing effective strategies for an educational plan for nurses taking care of patients with obesity in an outpatient department. The program will major on how nurses can effectively pass educative information to the clients on dietary intervention as a critical mechanism for reversing obesity. The idea considers all the possible challenges that nurse educators may experience while trying to enhance social change among patients.

Statement of Purpose

The purpose of this project is to develop an educational training program for nurses in an outpatient setting to provide education regarding the importance of a healthy diet for patients with obesity.

Theoretical Framework

Hildegard Peplau’s (2004) Interpersonal Relations in Nursing Theory is the theoretical framework for developing this project. A brief overview of the theory is presented, and a discussion regarding how the theory was utilized to guide the project’s development. In addition, Peplau’s (2004) theoretical definitions for nursing’s four metaparadigm concepts and the Project Author’s operational definitions will be presented. These metaparadigm concepts include orientation, identification, exploitation, and resolution defined within nurse, health, patient, and environments aspects of nursing healthcare provision. As such, the theory emphasizes the importance of crosscutting issues and their effect on nursing care and patient wellness, such as nursing education on dietary interventions for patients with obesity, as in this study.

It thus facilitates better planning to understand the complexities of issues underlying the patient’s conditions, which would hinder getting well. Therefore, this project aims to bring to attention the definition of the metaparadigm concept of patient care within this theory by looking at its significance and interpersonal relationship as contextualization in patient care as a tool for promoting patient education on a healthy diet. In this essence, the project will look at its application as employed in modern nursing care—concerning how the patient-nurse relationship influences the efficiency of healthcare delivery through patient education and implementation of the interventions, i.e., education on a healthy diet for patients with obesity. Finally, the deliberate look of this theory within this aspect will facilitate a conclusion on the modern-day emphasis and necessitated patient-centered model of care.

Significance of Interpersonal Relations Theory

As a mother of nursing psychiatry, Peplau (2004) describes interpersonal relations as a conditional aspect that includes first the interaction of the nurse and patient. She points out that this is attained when understanding each patient’s condition is an experience that allows for improving nursing care (Peplau, 2004). Therefore, the focus in the definition of the theory begins with grasping the nurse and patient metaparadigm concepts as the interaction between patient and nurse makes the relationship personal. Similarly, considerable insights thus point out that the patient care process is personalized in a way that responsibility is both technical and emotional. Peplau (2004) explains that effective patient outcome delivery comes from trust in diagnostics and, thus, acceptance of health as an essential metaparadigm aspect.

The nurse-patient interaction and the collaboration mechanisms between them to attain health are the main topics of Hildegard Peplau’s middle-range theory of interpersonal relations. The nurse and patient can achieve the healthcare objective together by completing a series of distinct stages in a precise sequence. The patient can continue with that path even after the partnership ends. This hypothesis is crucial since it explains how the nurse-patient interaction might improve the patient’s comprehension of the value of the treatment they are receiving. Once the patient is well-informed about their treatment, they can carry on implementing the interventions to attain wellness without the nurse’s ongoing assistance (Peplau, 2004). This theory is a perfect fit for the proposed educational training program for nurses in an outpatient setting to provide education regarding the importance of a healthy diet for patients with obesity. The relationship between the outpatient and the nurse must be founded on trust so that information can be shared comfortably and with trusted support from nurses (Peplau, 2004). A support system must be developed because obesity and the issues surrounding obesity can often bleed into self-esteem and mental health. This theorist ideology will assist in identifying and orienting nurses to the causes of obesity, introducing a perfectly balanced diet with regular exercise, and finally producing solutions for diabetic prevention, a foundation that this theoretical framework supports.

Hildegard Peplau’s theory is significant and relevant to this project because it supports the notion that nursing encompasses beyond simply administering medications and tending to wounds. Patients can preserve their health to the highest possible standard by being informed about their therapy’s reasons and composition. In addition, Peplau’s theory provides information on how the nurse can relate to the patient in a way that promotes comfort and the sense of patient control of their treatment. Also, it makes the patient feel like the treatment can be carried out independently after being discharged from the nurse’s care (Peplau, 2004).

Interpersonal Relations Nursing Theory and Nursing Metaparadigm

Thus, nursing can be defined based on culture and concrete work (Peplau, 2004). Thus, it promotes health through appropriate methods and illness prevention by recognizing triggers for all patients. Therefore, the nurse can only facilitate treatment and not make a diagnosis; hence, the critical aspect is ensuring that the environment is conducive and that communication in the relationship with patients is constant. This means the nurse favors patients’ understanding of their issues by explaining the problem and the treatment plan. This includes a preventive measure to ensure informed decision-making is enhanced and, thus, a partnership that, in essence, is therapeutic.

Communicative action in the digital age between nurse and patient is bold navigation of interpersonal relationships. On the other hand, the increase in maintenance tendency takes a newer approach, as information overload can be present due to media. This could be advantageous for outpatient care, but the opposite is true. As such, following Peplau’s underpinning of patient care, nursing is the implementation of need-based healthcare delivery through the respectable promotion of perception and prevention of escalation of illness (Peplau, 2004). Therefore, it can be said that the operational definition of nursing is ensuring that patient needs are met adequately and suitably hence unique to the patient. With that, a different relationship develops between nurse and patient.

In recognition, a person is operationally defined as an entity with individual preconceptions and a mutual understanding of the nature of a medical issue and collaborates towards a productive solution. Therefore, this contextualizes the environment as conditions that allow for human processes that facilitate tendencies supportive of positive development to attain health (Peplau, 2004, p. 12). By this definition, health can operationally be defined as a symbolic future positive goal that is attained after effective healthcare hence instrumental for the person moving in the forward direction of well-being (Peplau, 2004, p. 13).

Operations Definition of Nursing Metaparadigm under Interpersonal Relations Nursing Theory

For this project, the operational definition of the nurse is a supporter who ensures that patient needs are unique and met adequately and suitably to their circumstance. This recognizes that a different relationship develops between nurse and patient from one. In the same stance, a person is operationally defined as an entity with individual preconceptions and a mutual understanding of the nature of a medical issue. Within this understanding, they can collaborate with informed decision-making toward a productive solution. It thus supports the operational definition of the environment as contextualized conditions that allow for human processes that facilitate tendencies supportive of positive development to attain health (Peplau, 2004, p. 12). By this definition, there is support for operationally defined health as a symbolic future positive goal attained after effective healthcare, which is instrumental for the person moving in the forward direction of well-being (Peplau, 2004, p. 13).

Discussion on a healthy diet for patients with obesity. Discussion on a healthy diet for patients with obesity. Discussion on a healthy diet for patients with obesity

Discussion on a healthy diet for patients with obesity

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