A Discussion on The Conventional Intervention

A Discussion on The Conventional Intervention

A Discussion on The Conventional Intervention


Health Challenge Intervention

Precious Teasley

Southern New Hampshire University

IHP-501-Q2461 Global Health and DiversityA Discussion on The Conventional Intervention


March 15, 2023

Health Challenge Intervention

The team involved in this research will travel to Western Liberia to conduct studies on Ebola disease. As the selected members traveled, health challenges prone to this region were identified, including malaria, acute respiratory infection, and tuberculosis. Consequently, two conventional and complementary interventions are proposed to protect the team from health challenges.

Part 1: Conventional Intervention

Conventional medicines are mostly used in Western cultures. The conventional intervention that will be adopted to reduce risks to healthcare issues discussed previously is insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs). ITNs have proven effective in dealing with malaria disease. These nets have pyrethroid insecticides that the World Health Organization has approved for mosquito nets. The insecticide has proved to be safe for human beings, and thus, it is recommended for this use.

The aim of using these nets will be to protect the population from malaria, a prevalent disease in the research area. Malaria is a common disease caused by female anopheles mosquitoes. The pyrethroid spread on the notes kills mosquitos and thus reduces the risk of contracting malaria. One of the reasons for using ITNs is that they are safe for human beings, as WHO has recognized pyrethroid as harmless (Pryce et al., 2022). Studies have also revealed that ITNs have significantly lowered malaria prevalence in every part of the world. According to Killeen, using ITNs contributed to most of the 1.3 billion reduced cases of malaria reported between 2005 and 2015 (Killeen, 2020). Further, data show that the use of indoor residual spraying can entirely lead to the elimination of malaria (Killeen, 2020. Consequently, this intervention has proven effective based on existing studies and thus will be applied during the trip. The population will be required to undertake indoor spraying of ITNs to reduce malaria risks further.

Implementing this intervention will require one nurse specialist from the team I will travel with and another from the research area. The intervention will not require a thorough interdisciplinary team because it is easy to implement. The two specialists will be needed to offer more guidance on the intervention in case issues arise. We shall contact the hospitals in the research area to supply us with ITNs. The cost of implementing this intervention during the research period is estimated to be 5000 dollars. However, the costs may vary due to shifts in charges.

Complementary Health Intervention

Complementary medicines are not part of Western medicines but can be used in treating some diseases. The complementary intervention that will be used to reduce exposure to health challenges is the Allium sativum herb. Its common name is garlic. Garlic is a plant that is common in Africa and thus can be easily accessed. The plant belongs to the family of onions and is mainly planted in the Mediterranean area. This complementary treatment aims to reduce malaria, tuberculosis, and respiratory infection vulnerability. The rationale for using this intervention is that research has found it effective in mitigating malaria and other diseases. A research study conducted to determine the efficacy of this plant, which is used as a herb, showed that it prevents human beings from viral pathogens that can be contaminated by other people and spread by animals or plants (Rouf et al., 2020). Also, the herb is common in Liberia and readily available.

The team will require the local traditional medicine expert to help it adopt the right procedures for using Allium sativum to treat various diseases. A herbalist will be required because they know the local use of such herbs to treat disease. Garlic plant is readily found in groceries; thus, we shall liaise with the local sellers to supply the product. The expected cost of this intervention is set at 2000 dollars, but the actual price may be low or high depending on market dynamics.


Killeen, G. F. (2020). Control of malaria vectors and management of insecticide resistance through universal coverage with next-generation insecticide-treated nets.  The Lancet,  395(10233), 1394-1400. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(20)30745-5

Pryce, J., Medley, N., & Choi, L. (2022). Indoor residual spraying for preventing malaria in communities using insecticide-treated nets.  Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews,  2022(1). https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd012688.pub3

Rouf, R., Uddin, S. J., Sarker, D. K., Islam, M. T., Ali, E. S., Shilpi, J. A., Nahar, L., Tiralongo, E., & Sarker, S. D. (2020). Antiviral potential of garlic (Allium sativum) and its organosulfur compounds: A systematic update of pre-clinical and clinical data.  Trends in Food Science & Technology,  104, 219-234. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2020.08.006

A Discussion on The Conventional Intervention